Tourmaline gemstones can be found in all colors of the rainbow. Owing to its wide range of color availability, tourmaline is considered to be one of today's most versatile gemstones. Its name is thought to be derived from the Sinhalese word, "turamali", which means "stone with various colors" in reference to its extreme versatility.Tourmaline was first thought to be used as a gemstone around the 1500s, but distinct mineral species were not actually described until the 1800s. In 1875, George Kunz, an American mineral collector, introduced green tourmaline from the Mount Mica mine in Maine, USA to Tiffany & Co. Which sparked an interest in tourmaline and led to its popularity (along with other semi-precious gemstones) on the mainstream jewelry market. The major tourmaline species include dravite, uvite, schorl, liddicoatite and elbaite. Schorl is the most common variety, making up nearly 95% of all tourmaline deposits, but it is not often desired as a gemstone.
Most tourmaline gemstones are varieties of the elbaite family. Since tourmaline consists of a very large group of related gemstones, most tourmaline is traded under very color-specific varietal names. Some of the more popular trade names include pink-red'rubellite', blue-green'Paraiba', blue'indicolite' and multicolored'watermelon tourmaline'. Lesser-known trade names include colorless'achroite', green'verdelite' and'chrome tourmaline'.
Like sapphire, descriptive names such as'yellow tourmaline' or'pink tourmaline' are also commonly used to market fancy-colored tourmaline gemstones. Tourmaline can occur in a wide range of colors from colorless to black. Colorless tourmaline is considered to be the rarest, but it is also the least valuable tourmaline. Black tourmaline is actually the most common color occurrence.
Most tourmaline gemstones display two or more colors in a single stone (or two tones of the same color). Tourmaline crystals that exhibit green on one end and pink to red on the other, with a band of white in the middle are marketed as'watermelon tourmaline'. The item "VINTAGE 14K GOLD GENUINE NATURAL TOURMALINE RING DESIGNER SIGNED LGL GEMSTONE" is in sale since Thursday, October 25, 2018. This item is in the category "Jewelry & Watches\Fine Jewelry\Fine Rings\Gemstone".The seller is "4744366" and is located in Andover, Massachusetts. This item can be shipped to North, South, or Latin America, all countries in Europe, all countries in continental Asia, Australia.